Multiple project types bring clean, safe water to communities.Hand dug wells
Education projects provide proper facilities and equipment for students to attend school.School buildings
Health care facilities give those living in rural poverty access to basic health services.Health clinics
Loans for small businesses and irrigation provide the rural poor with the capital necessary to begin to affect change in their own lives.Micro-finance loans
Hand-dug wells provide clean and safe water for 250-350 people. They can be excavated using hand tools, small generators, dewatering pumps, hammer drills and explosives. Hand dug wells vary in depth from 8-20 meters depending on the water table. They are lined with either stone masonry or pre-cast concrete rings. The cost for this project is about $5,000.
Spring protection developments involve multiple steps. In order to construct this type of water project, a pre-existing spring eye is capped to protect the water source. The water is then filtered and piped to a reservoir where it is stored until being piped to a distribution point. SPD’s often include cattle troughs and basins for washing clothes. This type of construction costs between $5,000-10,000.
Shallow borehole wells are very similar to hand-dug wells but more equipment is required because the water table is deeper underground. These projects require a small drilling rig and are dug to a depth of 35-70 meters. Cost is typically $10,000.
Deep borehole wells are approximately 600 feet deep (180 meters) and bring safe water to thousands of people. These complex water projects require a deep drilling rig and extensive pipe work to bring clean water to the surface. Deep boreholes typically have multiple water distribution points and miles of piping can be used to get the water to each of these points. Often the cost for this type of project exceeds $100,000.
School block construction is the cornerstone of Glimmer’s education development work. To ensure the success and sustainability of our schools, Glimmer works with the local communities and governments throughout the implementation process. The local education bureau is responsible for providing teachers and books. Typically a school block includes 4 classrooms and serves 500 girls and boys. A school block costs approximately $60,000 (15K/room).
Libraries are constructed at some of our schools to supplement the existing classroom blocks. Rural schools typically operate on a shift schedule with students attending in either the morning or the afternoon. A library allows students to study at school even when their shift is not in session. Typically the cost for a library is $50,000.
Laboratories are constructed at a small number of our school projects. Because they need more advanced equipment and staffing, they are not as widely constructed. Built at high schools, our laboratories provide the much-needed access to science equipment and material that students need. These projects typically cost $50,000.
Latrines are a crucial part of our education projects. Girls have a much higher drop out rate than boys because they do not have privacy for bathroom use. By constructing male and female latrines for our school projects, we are able to reduce female drop out rates and promote continued education.
Health clinics provide first aid, prenatal care, immunizations, and other basic first response medical treatment to about 5,000 people. Staffed by the local health administration, a health clinic usually employs two health extension professionals. Consisting of a single building, these clinics typically serve one village of approximately 5,000 people and cost an average of $35,000 to build.
Health centers include inpatient and outpatient buildings, a pharmacy, waste disposal equipment, furnishings and lab equipment. Fully staffed with doctors, midwives, and medical technicians, a health center typically serves five villages with a combined population of around 25,000. It provides these communities with access to complete medical care, including surgery. The cost of a health center often exceeds $100,000.
Veterinary projects benefit thousands of rural families and are an integral part of the livelihood for many Ethiopian families. With 80% of the Ethiopian labor force working in agriculture, the wellbeing of animals is vital for survival. All veterinary clinics are staffed by trained veterinarians and are stocked with the medicines needed to treat many animal diseases. The cost to construct a veterinary clinic averages about $30,000.
Latrines are crucial at health projects. In a place where the need to reduce the spread of germs and increase sanitation is paramount, Glimmer believes latrines are a top priority. We never construct a health facility without also providing new latrines for both males and females.
Micro-finance Loans are small ($100-$300) loans provided to men and women to help start or expand a small business. This small seed capital allows a budding entrepreneur to purchase a sewing machine, buy bulk materials for resale, or open a stall in a market, creating a revenue stream with which to repay the loan and accrue savings. Repayment rates typically exceed 98%, and funds are re-lent back into the community thereby creating continuous opportunities for growth. A micro-loan can completely change a family’s life.
Micro-irrigation loans help farmers diversify crops, create income, and turn fields of rock and rubble into fields of green. The loan empowers farmers to purchase equipment, like drip irrigation kits, to provide a steady supply of clean water to crops. This equipment helps to potentially yield 2 or 3 harvests per year instead of the usual 1 harvest.